Newcastle Coal Mining & Government Mines 1796-1820s

Newcastle Coal Mining & Government Mines – 1796- 1820s

By Dr Ann Hardy – April 2014
University of Newcastle’s Coal River Working Party

Public Records Office London. CO 201/32: A Plan of His Majesty’s Coal Mine at King’s Town New Castle District County of Northumberland New South Wales in its present Situation of working, July 1804. (Courtesy of the National Archives, U.K)
Public Records Office London. CO 201/32: A Plan of His Majesty’s Coal Mine at King’s Town New Castle District County of Northumberland New South Wales in its present Situation of working, July 1804. (Courtesy of the National Archives, U.K)

There is confusion about the early coal mines of Newcastle and although the Australian Agricultural Company mines are well documented there is little research on the government coal mines (particularly the coal shafts) that were worked from the early 1800s up until the late 1820s on ‘the Hill’. The Hill refers to the area we know today as King Edward Park and the James Fletcher Hospital. The following article pulls together sources associated with these early years to gain a better understanding of Australia’s first working coal mines. Government coal mines were primarily located at two separate mining precincts; the first precinct was the Coal River Precinct and second, the Newcastle Government Domain. To the south of the Government Domain was another Government coal in an area we know today as King Edward Park Reserve.

[DOWNLOAD] Newcastle Coal Mining & Government Mines 1796-1820s by Dr Ann Hardy April 2014


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