Newcastle in 1830

The Alexander Turnbull Library, The National Library of New Zealand,  in Wellington New Zealand holds what we believe is the best-ever early map of the township of Newcastle. The map, at Shelf Location MapColl 817.95gbbe/1830/Acc.3580 was drawn by Surveyor John Armstrong, an employee of the Australian Agricultural Company, in 1830, and shows every building and every small detail in the early Town of Newcastle. How it ended up in New Zealand is still a mystery.

The National Library of New Zealand kindly forwarded to us two high-resolution (transparencies). Our earlier scans of this plan are here  Plan of the Town of Newcastle New South Wales shewing it’s present actual state with part of the adjoining Country, and the coal works of The Australian Agricultural Company from a Careful Survey in 1830 by Jno. Armstrong. (Courtesy Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand)

These transparencies were recently re-scanned and we present the plan for you below as a 12.4MB jpg file:

Plan of the Town of Newcastle New South Wales shewing it’s present actual state with part of the adjoining Country, and the coal works of The Australian Agricultural Company from a Careful Survey in 1830 by Jno. Armstrong. (Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, N.Z.)
Plan of the Town of Newcastle New South Wales shewing it’s present actual state with part of the adjoining Country, and the coal works of The Australian Agricultural Company from a Careful Survey in 1830 by Jno. Armstrong. (Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, N.Z.)

In addition, a companion to this plan, showing the transverse sections indicated in the map above was prepared by J. Henderson and J. Armstrong and entitled:

J. Henderson & J. Armstrong. View of four different sections taken in the coalfield at Newcastle, New South Wales [ms map]; shewing the different strata which occur there & all spots which have been bored with the Engine Pit etc. of the Australian Agricultural Company. 1830. Scale 1: 2 376. Scale of heights 1:360. 73 x 127 cm. Shelf Location: MapColl os817gbhm/1830/Acc.3327 (Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, N.Z.) It is presented below as a 5.8MB jpg file.

View of four different sections taken in the coalfield at Newcastle, New South Wales 1830. (Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, N.Z.)
View of four different sections taken in the coalfield at Newcastle, New South Wales 1830. (Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, N.Z.)

These plans, along with the survey sketches of Sir Thomas Mitchell in 1828, and the paintings by Edward Charles Close and Joseph Lycett from the 1820s are our most trustworthy renderings of the Newcastle landscape at the time. We are currently using these drawings with our 3D Visual artist, Charles Martin, who with Russell Rigby are creating a 3D Newcastle which we hope we can again visit in time through the marvels of digital technology.

Gionni Di Gravio
University Archivist and Chair, University of Newcastle’s Coal River Working Party.


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